Given that there are options aplenty, one group formation approach at a time will be highlighted here in order to allow room for some discussion of the when and why aspects. Today's focus is on the approach recommended by the Team-Based Learning Collaborative, which aims to provide all teams with equal chances at success. The general advice from the Collaborative (see response to forming teams FAQ here) points to three recommendations:
- distribute assets and liabilities ("background factors that are likely to make a difference in students' performance in this class") as evenly as possible across groups,
- be sure that teams do not include pre-existing subgroups that may hinder the team's ability to work together as a whole (e.g., three roommates paired with two other students who do not know each other), and
- teams are formed using a process that is transparent to the students.