|Source: McKeachie (2011, p.199).|
An alternative to providing the students with a pre-populated list is to have them brainstorm ideas for what should be included as part of a group activity. In Helping Students Learn in a Learner-Centered Environment, Terry Doyle recommends a seven-step activity:
- The activity begins with students working together to respond to a pair of questions; the first question asks the students to identify to characteristics, behaviors, and attitudes that made positive contributions to successful group learning experiences in the past while the second question asks for characteristics, behaviors, and attitudes that acted as barriers (2008, p.86).
- The second and third steps of the activity ask the students to record and then share the identified characteristics, behaviors, and attitudes with the whole class until all of them are on the table for discussion.
- The groups are then asked to utilize this information to draft ground rules that will guide group work during the term.
- Final steps of the activity include compiling the ground rules into a master list and having the class vote on each of the ground rules.
Doyle, T. (2008). Helping students learn in a learner-centered environment: A guide to facilitating learning in higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC.
McKeachie, W. J., & Svinicki, M. (2011). McKeachie's teaching tips: Strategies, research, and theory for college and university teachers (13th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Weimer, M. (2002). Learner-centered teaching: Five key changes to practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.